I taught at Washington College from 1986-2007, first as the only anthropologist, and later with my excellent colleague, John Seidel, with whom we built an anthropology major that is now under the independent Anthropology Department. It has been my pleasure to continue to help the Department occasionally with research advice for students.
- A.B., Indiana University, 1963
- Ph.D., University of Illinois, 1982
Recent Research in Kent County Black Ethnohistory:
I initiated a new research focus after retirement on the almost completely unstudied and unpublished history of the Black population of Kent County. With Bill Leary who taught the first college course in African American history (University of Virginia), and George Shivers, Washington College professor emeritus, we initiated research into the history of the Free Blacks and of the schools for Blacks, which were published by the Historical Society of Kent County in 2013 and 2015.
We also helped organize a project in public history with the making of a map of sites in Chestertown, Maryland that are significant for Black history, a celebration of the 250th anniversary of Maryland’s emancipation (2014), and the annual Legacy Day (2014-2018), that is a celebration of Afro-American history and culture in Kent County. The focus of our research has been the famous Uptown Club of Charlie Graves—an offshoot of the Chitlin’ Circuit (2014), other local bands and beer gardens (2015), businesses (2016), teachers (2017), and the first students to attend integrated schools (2018).
I researched the abolitionist Henry Highland Garnet and George Shivers incorporated that research into an article included in the 2013 volume. I designed a museum exhibit on Henry Highland Garnet and also a History of Emancipation in Kent County exhibit. I also conducted ethnographical and historical research on the early Free Black town known as Morgnec today.
I currently have in progress a volume of the published research articles on the history (black and white) of Kent County, Maryland: “African Americans in Kent County: An Untold Story” (provisional title). It will include one already published article plus a new manuscript of mine:
- Cork Town (Morgnec): A Free African American Village in Kent County (2015)
- Slavery and Freedom in Kent County, Maryland (ms)
My interest in Andean irrigation was sparked by my initial survey of pre-Hispanic irrigation references, published in . I continued field research in Peru 1972, 1975-6, which culminated in my doctoral dissertation “The Canal Systems of Hanan Cuzco” (1982). I continued fieldwork in 1985-6 with a post-doctoral grant from Fulbright.
The Sociedad Geografica de Lima recently published a book of seven of my articles, almost all now out of print. Agua, Riego, Árboles: Ancestros y Poder in el Cuzco de los Incas (Water, Irrigation, Trees: Ancestors and Power in Inca Cuzco).Nicanor Dominguez, the compiler of this volume included an excellent preface and arranged the material and unified the style to enhance the development of my ideas. The contents are the following articles:
- El riego andino en una perspectiva histórica (1998)
- El riego, los lagos y los mitos de origen (1986)
- Los ceques: Código de canals en el Cuzco incaico (1986)
- Organización hidráulica y poder en el Cuzco de los Incas (1987)
- El agua: Ideología y poder de los incas (1995)
- Mallki: Ancestros y cultivos de árboles en los Andes (1988)
The appendix reproduces my first article on Andean irrigation (1969), El regadío en al area andina central: Ensayo de distribución geográfica with the original map.
Discussions are underway for publishing in Cuzco a second edition of my first book
Cuzco: Aguas y poder (1979).
Articles that may be still in print:
- “Water Ideology in Inca Ethnogenesis.” In Andean Cosmologies Through Time: Persistence and Emergence. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1992.
- “Irrigation and Inca Cosmology.” In Culture and Environment: A Fragile Coexistence. University of Calgary Archaeological Association, Calgary. 1993
- “Panaca Lands: Re-Invented Communities,” In The Journal of the Steward Anthropological Society24 (1 and 2): 173-202. 1996