History

First in Class

  • Patrick O’Neal examined the Negro Baseball League’s impact on integration in Alabama.
    Patrick O’Neal examined the Negro Baseball League’s impact on integration in Alabama.
  • History major Patrick O’Neal ’19, a first-honors graduate, was awarded the The Arthur A. Knapp ’39 Memorial Priz...
    History major Patrick O’Neal ’19, a first-honors graduate, was awarded the The Arthur A. Knapp ’39 Memorial Prize in History.
May 22, 2019
First-honors graduate Patrick O’Neal won departmental honors for his senior thesis focused on the the Negro Baseball League’s impact on integration efforts in Alabama. The Phi Beta Kappa member also took home the Arthur Knapp Memorial Prize in History.

Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in Major League Baseball in 1947, but it would take another 18 years for a minor league team in Alabama to end racial segregation on the field. Patrick O’Neal ’19, a history major from Birmingham who came to Washington College as a Quill & Compass Scholar, was curious to understand the dynamics of that cultural shift, which occurred at the height of the Civil Rights movement. Using primary resources and conducting personal interviews with surviving members of the Birmingham Barons, O’Neal is writing a chapter of American history that has yet to be told.

 “Being able to write a capstone about something I’m passionate about is a great experience I don’t think I would have gotten at other schools,” says O’Neal, a varsity soccer player with a second major in psychology and a minor in Spanish. “A lot of people don’t know about this team, which at the time was at the heart of one of the most hostile and volatile cities of the Civil Rights era. It’s cool to me as an athlete to see how the relationships among players brought hope in this bleak period. Players, both black and white, were supportive of one another. And as they came together, so did the fans from black and white communities.”

In his senior capstone project, O’Neal examines the history of the Negro Baseball League’s powerhouse Birmingham Black Barons, and the team’s initial reluctance to lose its identity through a merger. He also discusses the impact professional sports can make in a flagging economy. But the real story is the power of sports to unite and heal a divisive city.

 “We still see racial division in this country,” he says. “This serves as a reminder that people can grow an appreciation for one another and are able to unite over something. In this case, it was baseball. This team laid the groundwork that helped bring about change.”

O’Neal intends to pursue a career in sports psychology.


Last modified on May. 22nd at 4:28pm by Marcia Landskroener.