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Starr Center for the

Study of the American Experience

Under the auspices of the C.V. Starr Center, and with the guidance of Washington College faculty, students set forth on thrilling adventures in American history. This page features some of the original, groundbreaking research that these students have undertaken… from tracing the lost pathways of the Underground Railroad to discovering the truth behind the famous legend of the “Chestertown Tea Party.”

Poplar Grove Team Discovers 300 Years of Historic Documents James Schelberg ’11, Albin Kowalewski ’07, Jeremy Rothwell ’09, and Olivia Wood, Rhodes College

Everybody likes the idea of finding treasures in the attic—but when the attic is in an old plantation that has been in the family since 1669, such treasures can amount to a historian’s dream come true.

Such is the case at Poplar Grove, the historic home of the Emory family in Queen Anne’s County near Washington College. James Schelberg ’11 was searching for research material for a term paper when he happened upon what has turned out to be a historical bonanza: thousands of pages of family papers, political correspondence, military records and more—a tidal wave of valuable documents spanning 350 years. Schelberg, a U.S. Marine who served in Iraq and attended Washington College on a Hodson Star Scholarship, was interested in the military history of the Emorys, who served in every major conflict from the Revolution through World War II.  Poplar Grove Blog   NPR story MD State Archives

Adam Goodheart, Director of the Starr Center, contacted Edward Papenfuse, then Director of the Maryland State Archives, who made haste for Poplar Grove. Papenfuse said, “It was clear how valuable these papers were. This find is rich in many aspects of the area’s history and national history as well.”  (Panel discussion video)   (Full press release)




On the Track of the Underground Railroad Albin Kowalewski ’07

Local lore and oral history have long maintained that the escape routes of many fugitive slaves passed through the region around Chestertown. Yet the precise routes themselves were a secret that 19th-century abolitionists took to their graves.  Until very recently, that is – when Washington College student Albin Kowalewski ’07 began tracing these pathways to freedom on the antebellum Eastern Shore, through archives, old maps, and the back roads of Kent County.

Among the mysteries that Kowalewski pursued: did the renowned Underground Railroad conductor Harriet Tubman lead a group of local slaves to freedom in the spring of 1856? An ambiguous reference in an abolitionist’s journal sent him delving into old newspapers, wills, and court records to uncover the dramatic story of how a secret network of activists – both white and black – risked their lives for the cause of liberty. Tubman’s involvement in the Kent County branch of the Railroad is still unclear, although she is known to have been active on the lower Eastern Shore of Maryland. But Kowalewski has discovered evidence of literally dozens of other successful fugitives. His work is designed to help the National Park Service map out its National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom, a nationwide effort to identify specific stops on the Railroad.