MICHAEL J. ROBERTS holds a B.A. in history from Duke University and a J.D. from the Washington College of Law at American University, where he was Editor-In-Chief of the Law Review. He was an o cer in the U.S. Navy, with extensive sea duty in the Mediterranean, plus service with the Naval Security Group. For more than 30 years he practiced law in Wash- ington, specializing in aviation and international law. He has taught several history courses in the WC-ALL program (Pearl Harbor, Pearl Harbor Avenged, Victory in the Paci c, D-Day and the War in Europe Won). He also has taught several courses in Salisbury University’s ALL program.