In the U.S., archaeology is considered a sub-discipline of Anthropology. At Washington College you can find archaeology courses listed in the catalog and course registration lists under Sociology and Anthropology. Students with an interest in archaeology major in Anthropology. A number of courses also are cross-listed with Environmental Studies.
Introduction to Environmental Archaeology
An archaeological overview of how humans originated as a species and how culture developed. It looks at a variety of civilizations from around the world, including Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt, the Maya, and the Aztecs, exploring in particular how these civilizations came about and why they failed-the course takes an explicitly environmental and scientific approach to these questions.
This course explores the field and lab methods that are used by archaeologists to explore the past. In addition to the usual course meetings and readings, students participate in a “virtual dig” and have opportunities for actual field experience.
Cultures and Environments of the Chesapeake
Explores the natural development of the Chesapeake Bay since the end of the last ice age and the relationships between people and the environment. It looks at Native American cultures in the region, as well as early colonial settlements such as Jamestown and St. Mary’s City.
Reconstructing Past Environments
This course examines the role of earth sciences and archaeology in understanding how environments have changed in the past. It looks at the methods and results of such study, focusing on human impacts on the environment. It also looks at the consequences of environmental change for human civilizations.
This upper level course explores the relatively new discipline of underwater archaeology. It is designed to give students an overview of both the history and methods of the field. The course presupposes a basic understanding of archaeological method and theory. In addition to class activities, students will be involved in practical exercises such as mapping and data analysis; field trips on the Sultana and elsewhere; outside lectures on marine history and archaeology; and other activities.
This course gives students a comprehensive introduction to the theory and methods of historic preservation and cultural resource management as practiced in the United States. It examines the history of the preservation movement, the role of preservation in American culture, and the current status of the field. Course coverage will include preservation at the Federal level and practices at the state and local level, with a primary focus on Maryland. We will use a variety of case studies during the semester, looking at issues in architectural review, contract or “salvage” archaeology, and the growing business of “heritage tourism.” Finally, we will address the politics of historic preservation and the costs and benefits of this kind of activity.
Geographic Information Systems
This course teaches students the theory behind and many applications of GIS. Students have extensive hands on experience in managing and analyzing unlimited geographic data in a digital form. Learn more about GIS.
Field School in Archaeology
Each summer, a local site is the focus of a 6 week exploration. Students learn field and lab techniques first hand by participating in the research five days a week; there are field trips to other sites, and participants can experience shipwreck archaeology through a cooperative project with archaeologists from the Maryland Historical Trust. There are two sections of the course for a total of 8 credits.
Students also can take advantage of extracurricular opportunities in the Public Archaeology Laboratory at the historic Custom House.